Sacrifice, Sacrilegious, Savior

My old blog, the Word of the Day, is defunct, and I’m getting ready to take it down. Before I do, though, I’m going to repost some of the best words here over the next few weeks. Enjoy!

Sacrifice

Sacrifice comes from Latin sacrificium, meaning “sacred action” (from sacra, “sacred”, and ficium, “to do”). It was used to refer to the performance of any priestly duties. Since these duties almost always involved giving something to the gods, sacrifice came to mean, first, giving something up to Spirit, and then later (in the late 1500’s in English) giving something up in general.

As for sacra “sacred”, it derives ultimately from Proto Indo European sak, meaning “sanctify”; and it is the basis for consecrate, sacerdotal, saint, sanctum, sacrosanct, and sanctify.

Sacrifice’s primary syllable, sac, is identical with that ancient Proto Indo European root sak from 8,000 years ago. It indicates directed, balanced energy (”sa”) pouring into a container (”k”); metaphorically, then, the energy is the sacrifice, and Spirit is the container. The same phonosemantics work for the rather more mundane word sack.

Thanks to Erik for suggesting this word of the day.

Sacrilegious

When I first thought of researching this word, I assumed it was related to religion (religious -> (sac)rilegious?), but in fact they’re not from the same source at all. Sacrilegious is derived from sacrilege, which is from Old French and originally meant “stealing the sacred”. This came from Latin sacreligium, “temple robbery”, which in turn comes from sacrum (sacred) plus legere, “to take” or “to pick up”. Legere is related to lecture, logos, lexicon, law, and other words having to do with collections of words (words that are “taken” or “picked up”).

But as far as the sounds of the words religious and sacrilegious, they are completely identical, except that sacrilegious has a prefix sac-. I haven’t yet done religious as a word of the day, but the basic thrust of the word’s energy is of a light-filled volume compressed through a doorway, and perhaps a judgment. Meanwhile, the sac-, the same as the primary syllable of sacrifice, indicates directed, balanced energy pouring into a container. In the case of sacrifice, the energy is from the sacrifice itself, and Spirit is the container; but in the case of sacrilege, the energy is the sacred Spirit, and the container is the thief’s pouch.

Savior

From Proto Indo European sol, “whole”; thus the original meaning of savior is “one who makes whole”. Sol is also the ancestor of solid, sage (the plant), salvage, and soldier.

Sol’s accusative form was solwos, which descended into Latin as salvus, “uninjured, healthy, safe”. The verb form of this adjective was salvare (”make safe, make secure”; notice salvation hinted at there), and the nominal was salvator (”one who saves or preserves”). This became sauveour in Old French, and savior in English by 1300. It was used from the beginning to refer to Jesus Christ. Notably, before savior was borrowed from French, Jesus was referred to as the Haelend, a native English word meaning “healer”.

Both save and savior acoustically indicate a strong, directed energy, spread over a wide area, that is pushed through a narrow opening. Like the similar-sounding savvy, the implication seems to be of gaining control over something. The second syllable “ior”, pronounced “yer”, indicates the power of an agent — someone doing something. Further, the presence of the “y” hints at a positive, almost youthful presence (compare saver, which has no “y” sound).

Oddments

  • Remembering that you are going to die is the best way to avoid thinking you have something to lose… Follow your heart. – Steve Jobs
  • It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop. – Confucius
  • An inspiring article from Steve Pavlina: guidance from your best self.
  • The ideals which have always shone before me and filled me with the joy of living are goodness, beauty, and truth. – Einstein
  • Truth is by nature self-evident. As soon as you remove the cobwebs of ignorance that surround it, it shines clear. – Gandhi
  • That perfect tranquillity of life, which is nowhere to be found but in retreat, a faithful friend and a good library – Aphra Behn
  • No Unsacred Place: fantastic new blog about religion, science, nature, civilization from a Pagan perspective. Coordinated by Ali, so you know why it’s awesome.
  • When a friend is in trouble, don’t annoy him by asking if there is anything you can do. Think up something appropriate and do it.-Edgar Howe
  • What If We Acted Like the Earth Really Mattered? Cat Chapin-Bishop at No Unsacred Place.
  • “The trouble with the rat-race is that even if you win, you’re still a rat.” – Lily Tomlin. Not that there’s anything wrong with rats, really.
  • “Be a good listener. Your ears will never get you in trouble.” – Anon. But this assertion is disputed by some authorities.
  • This Is Where We Sniff Butts – Juniper on No Unsacred Place. Our relationship with animals.
  • On the meaning of “family”, today and yesterday.
  • Where is the line between physical and nonphysical violence? Is it a useful distinction? Study shows it might not be.
  • I inquire after no man’s [god] and trouble none with mine; nor is it given to us to know whether yours or mine are the same. -Jefferson
  • Thank God, I have my work, but instead of earning money by it, I need money to be able to work; that is the difficulty. – Van Gogh
  • Surprising discoveries about the role that culture plays in the peacemaking of nonhuman primates.
  • “[Man] sacrifices his health in order to make money. Then he sacrifices money to recuperate his health. And then he is so anxious about the future that he does not enjoy the present. The result being that he does not live in the the present or the future; he lives as if he is never going to die, and then dies having never really lived.” – Dalai Lama
  • Hoodwinked Into A Headtrip: A great example of how to use yoga to quiet the mind’s chatter — and the price you sometimes pay for the silence.
  • “Peace is not only better than war, but infinitely more arduous.” – Shaw
  • Ambivalence of the Sacred Earth: extraordinary article by Ali on a central mystery of paganism – what is justice?

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