Words of the Day: Arda, Assassin, Beauty

My old blog, the Word of the Day, is defunct, and I’m getting ready to take it down. Before I do, though, I’m going to repost some of the best words here over the next few weeks. Enjoy!

Arda

futureneopaganismiiIn Tolkien’s cosmology, Arda means the Earth, as well as the sun and the moon and the stars. It is not , all which is, because it does not include the realms of the Ainur (angelic/godlike beings) and Eru, the One. In the beginning times, Arda was flat, and there were no heavenly bodies. All was dark, until Aulë the Smith created the Two Lamps to provide light. At that time, Arda became green with growing things. After the Two Lamps were cast down by the treachery of Melkor, Arda was plunged into darkness; but after many ages, first the stars, and then the sun and moon were placed in the sky. During the great war in which Melkor was captured and chained, Arda was broken and curved into a sphere, as it is today.

In Tolkien’s linguistic world, Arda is a word in Quenya, the first and purest language spoken by anyone in Middle-Earth. Quenya was devised by the Elves when they first awakened, and it is said that their first word was el, an exclamation of awe at the sight of the stars. The generic word arda means “region” in Quenya. Given Tolkien’s linguistic expertise, it can hardly be a coincidence that arda is so similar in sound to yard and garden, both of which derive from Proto-Germanic garda, “area”, “enclosed space”. He may also have been trying to suggest Earth (cf. Gmc. Erde). The sound of Arda suggests deep and strong connections to the Source energy — it both arises from it, and returns to it again — and decisions, doorways, which reflect its abiding transformations, as well as its transformative influence upon those who dwell within it.

Assassin

astrologyAncientAndModernUltimately from Arabic hashsha, “dried up”. Derived from this was hashish, “powdered hemp”, and a user of powdered hemp was a hashishiyy. During the time of the Crusades, a notorious Mulsim sect under the leadership of Hasan ibu-al-Sabah became widely known for intoxicating themselves with hemp and murdering their political and religious opponents; they were known as the Hashishiyyin, the “hashish-users”. Such was their infamy that tales of their exploits were carried back to Europe with the returning Crusaders, along with their name, distorted through Italian and French into assassin. The word entered English in the early 1500’s.

The primary syllable of assassin is “sass”, with its balanced, sensual, directed power. The syllable afterwards, “in”, indicates that the energy is narrowed toward a target. It’s a marvelous thing to find a word that so obviously fits its meaning so perfectly!

Beauty

becomedeathBeauty comes from the Proto Indo European root deu, which according to my American Heritage meant “to do, perform, show favor, revere”, though it’s beyond me to know how one root could mean all those things. It’s the ancestor of Latin bonus “good”, which gave us everything from bonanza to debonair, and others such as benediction, benefit, belladonna, embellish, and benign. From Latin it went to Old French as biaute, and entered Middle English as beaute.

Beauty starts out with a bang (”b”) and quickly hits a second consonant, “y”, even though you’d never guess it from the spelling. (Without the “y”, of course, beauty would just be booty.) The “y” gives the explosive “b” the additional qualities of energy, trust, and youth. This vibrancy is fast, flowing easily (long “u”), and resolves with a call, a temptation, a path forward (”t”). The last syllable, a long “e”, extends the energy without end.

Beauty, then, is something that bursts upon you (no wonder we sometimes call something beautiful striking!) and carries you away — calling to you, tempting you forward, into infinity.
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Comments

  1. I was thinking of you today. Because I met a blogger who is doing Hebrew words and because I was thinking druids.

    New blogger – http://ben1blog-benny-benny.blogspot.com/

    Short version of the latter – I was at Rosslyn Chapel last month. I’ve been before (pre all the silly Da Vinci Code hype) and find the place incredible. I started wondering about the Pagan roots. There’s definitely something more to Rosslyn that is far older than the crusades. Druid sacred ground perhaps?

  2. Jeff Lilly says:

    Thanks, Michelle! The blog looks very interesting — thick with remarkable stuff. 🙂

    I’m afraid I know nothing about Rosslyn Chapel other than what it says in wikipedia; I haven’t even read or seen the Da Vinci Code. The pictures look gorgeous, though; and the article does mention the Green Men carved everywhere throughout!

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